Location and Values: The Brazilian Atlantic Islands of Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas are amongst the very few islands of the South Atlantic. The rich waters surrounding the islands support an exceptional concentration of resident dolphins and provide extremely important habitat for tuna, shark, turtle and other marine mammals. The islands support the largest concentration of seabirds in the western Atlantic Ocean and a significant number of endemic species on land.
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s recent Conservation Outlook Assessment the conservation status of the Brazilian Atlantic Islands is ‘good with some concerns’. The IUCN report notes that ‘while the general level of threat to the property is currently relatively low, investment in human and financial resources is insufficient to stop the very slow deterioration of the property’s values from inappropriate tourism development and associated urban growth and displacement of terrestrial species on Fernando de Noronha, and illegal fishing and oil spills in the marine environment. While there is little evidence of impact from climate change until now, increases in sea temperatures, oceanic acidification, and sea-level rise could cause significant impacts in the future.’
Official UNESCO Site Details
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description