Location and Values: Brazil’s Central Amazon Conservation Complex is one of the world’s largest conservation areas, protecting a massive 53,000 km2 of the central Amazon rainforest and its exceptional biodiversity. It includes vast areas of seasonally-flooded ‘varzea’ and ‘igapo’ forests and a constantly evolving mosaic of river channels, lakes and landforms.
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s recent Conservation Outlook Assessment the conservation status of this site is ‘good with some concerns’. The IUCN report notes that ‘overall, the conservation values of this very large property are in good condition, with only minor human impacts around settled areas. While local riverside communities engage in subsistence agriculture, hunting, fishing, and extraction of timber and non-timber forest products human population density remains low and impacts are limited to narrow bands of higher land on natural levees along stream courses. Overall, protection and management of the conservation complex is quite effective. Despite the currently very good state of conservation, the expected consequences of anticipated climate change and potentially increasing pressures due to urban expansion and better access (provided for example by a recently constructed bridge) give rise to some concerns.’
Official UNESCO Site Details
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description