EXPLORE Henderson Island with this slideshow, check the location map and get all the facts and information below.

Henderson-Island0001
Henderson-Island0002
Unloading food for 3 months...
Henderson-Island0004
Henderson-Island0005
Kermadec Petrel on its nest in the forest
Henderson-Island0007
Pawl lighting a fire to bake bread
Henderson-Island0009
Henderson-Island0010
Henderson-Island0011
Dead invasive rat being nibbled by another non-native gecko species
Henderson-Island0013
Jenn attaching a GPS logger to the tail feathers of a Murphy's Petrel
Henderson-Island0015
Henderson-Island0016
The dining hall of our camp
The camp kitchen
Bathroom with shower and mini-bathtub
Henderson-Island0020
Henderson-Island0021
Henderson-Island0022
Bristle-thighed Curlew
Henderson-Island0024
Me sending an email by connecting the computer to a satellite phone
Weighing back the food to quantify how much was consumed
Three lorikeets on a pandanus branch
Some rails were very tame in captivity and almost ate out of my hand
Henderson-Island0029
Henderson-Island0030
Henderson-Island0031
After 3 weeks in captivity, each rail was released where it had been caught
Henderson-Island0033
Climbing to the top of the cliff to call home with the satellite phone
Murphy's Petrel on its nest
A pair of rails sunbathing after taking a bath
Early morning view from the east across the northern bay of the island
Henderson-Island0038
The Henderson Fruit Dove is the second endemic landbird species
Red-tailed Tropicbird
Henderson-Island0041
Stephen's Lori - an endemic lorikeet on Henderson Island
Rats loved the Pandanus fruit
Henderson-Island0044
The daily grind of cleaning rat shit out of traps to keep them functional
Every morning I mixed food for all the rails we had in captivity
Feeding a captive Henderson rail
Typical trail on Henderson Island - sharp coral rock through dense shrubbery
Henderson-Island0049
Henderson-Island0050
Henderson-Island0051
Some birds ate their pellets, others just trampled them...
Henderson-Island0053
Henderson-Island0054
Henderson-Island0055
Angus and me opened up some long-forgotten trails
Despite all the hard work we had some time to explore around the island
Exploring a new trail that Pawl and Sue cut along the north-west coast
Overlooking North-West beach from the new trail
North-west beach is a very small sandy beach with an enormous coconut grove
Happy team on a day off at North-West beach
Henderson-Island0062
Henderson-Island0063
Henderson-Island0064
Happy campers returning from a night on East Beach
Henderson-Island0066
Rainy days were spent sorting plastic
Henderson Petrel pair at the nest in the forest
Kermadec Petrel coming in to land
Full moon rise over Henderson Island, with a petrel whizzing past
Henderson-Island0071
Henderson-Island0072
Murphy's Petrel mourning the loss of its chick to a rat
The office tent with all the scientific equipment
Henderson-Island0075
Henderson-Island0076
Henderson-Island0077
Path through the extremely thick vegetation
North Beach was our landing place and home for the three months on the island
Massive land crab found on East Beach
East beach is the largest of the three sandy bays on Henderson
Exploring the jagged rock formations at North-East point
View across the sharp coral rocks at the north-western tip of the island
Henderson-Island0084
Henderson-Island0085
Henderson-Island0086
Breaching humpback whales were a common spectacle in August
Jenn and me paddling out to see the whales up close
Henderson-Island0089
Communal dinner on the beach during a calm day
Henderson-Island0091
Blue-gray Ternlet
Henderson rail on its nest in a fern
Henderson-Island0094
Camping in the forest during the last week to retrieve a logger from a seabird
Three Henderson Reed Warblers
Walking across the sharp fossilised coral took its toll on all our boots
Jenn doing a point count to monitor the landbird populations
The rainwater catchment system to provide freshwater for washing
We caught between 10 - 90 rats every day we opened our 250 traps
previous arrow
next arrow
Henderson-Island0001
Henderson-Island0002
Unloading food for 3 months...
Henderson-Island0004
Henderson-Island0005
Kermadec Petrel on its nest in the forest
Henderson-Island0007
Pawl lighting a fire to bake bread
Henderson-Island0009
Henderson-Island0010
Henderson-Island0011
Dead invasive rat being nibbled by another non-native gecko species
Henderson-Island0013
Jenn attaching a GPS logger to the tail feathers of a Murphy's Petrel
Henderson-Island0015
Henderson-Island0016
The dining hall of our camp
The camp kitchen
Bathroom with shower and mini-bathtub
Henderson-Island0020
Henderson-Island0021
Henderson-Island0022
Bristle-thighed Curlew
Henderson-Island0024
Me sending an email by connecting the computer to a satellite phone
Weighing back the food to quantify how much was consumed
Three lorikeets on a pandanus branch
Some rails were very tame in captivity and almost ate out of my hand
Henderson-Island0029
Henderson-Island0030
Henderson-Island0031
After 3 weeks in captivity, each rail was released where it had been caught
Henderson-Island0033
Climbing to the top of the cliff to call home with the satellite phone
Murphy's Petrel on its nest
A pair of rails sunbathing after taking a bath
Early morning view from the east across the northern bay of the island
Henderson-Island0038
The Henderson Fruit Dove is the second endemic landbird species
Red-tailed Tropicbird
Henderson-Island0041
Stephen's Lori - an endemic lorikeet on Henderson Island
Rats loved the Pandanus fruit
Henderson-Island0044
The daily grind of cleaning rat shit out of traps to keep them functional
Every morning I mixed food for all the rails we had in captivity
Feeding a captive Henderson rail
Typical trail on Henderson Island - sharp coral rock through dense shrubbery
Henderson-Island0049
Henderson-Island0050
Henderson-Island0051
Some birds ate their pellets, others just trampled them...
Henderson-Island0053
Henderson-Island0054
Henderson-Island0055
Angus and me opened up some long-forgotten trails
Despite all the hard work we had some time to explore around the island
Exploring a new trail that Pawl and Sue cut along the north-west coast
Overlooking North-West beach from the new trail
North-west beach is a very small sandy beach with an enormous coconut grove
Happy team on a day off at North-West beach
Henderson-Island0062
Henderson-Island0063
Henderson-Island0064
Happy campers returning from a night on East Beach
Henderson-Island0066
Rainy days were spent sorting plastic
Henderson Petrel pair at the nest in the forest
Kermadec Petrel coming in to land
Full moon rise over Henderson Island, with a petrel whizzing past
Henderson-Island0071
Henderson-Island0072
Murphy's Petrel mourning the loss of its chick to a rat
The office tent with all the scientific equipment
Henderson-Island0075
Henderson-Island0076
Henderson-Island0077
Path through the extremely thick vegetation
North Beach was our landing place and home for the three months on the island
Massive land crab found on East Beach
East beach is the largest of the three sandy bays on Henderson
Exploring the jagged rock formations at North-East point
View across the sharp coral rocks at the north-western tip of the island
Henderson-Island0084
Henderson-Island0085
Henderson-Island0086
Breaching humpback whales were a common spectacle in August
Jenn and me paddling out to see the whales up close
Henderson-Island0089
Communal dinner on the beach during a calm day
Henderson-Island0091
Blue-gray Ternlet
Henderson rail on its nest in a fern
Henderson-Island0094
Camping in the forest during the last week to retrieve a logger from a seabird
Three Henderson Reed Warblers
Walking across the sharp fossilised coral took its toll on all our boots
Jenn doing a point count to monitor the landbird populations
The rainwater catchment system to provide freshwater for washing
We caught between 10 - 90 rats every day we opened our 250 traps
previous arrow
next arrow

For slideshow description see right or scroll down (mobile). Slideshow loads automatically (this may take a few seconds to start)

Map showing the location of Henderson Island world heritage site in United Kingdom

Factfile

Website Category:  Islands

Area:  37km2

Year of Inscription:  1988

Criteria:

  • Outstanding natural beauty (vii);
  • Significant number of rare, endemic and/or endangered species (x)

Location and Values: Henderson Island is a raised coral atoll in the middle of the South Pacific, the largest of four islands that make up the Pitcairn group. It is uninhabited and remains in remarkably pristine condition due to its very remote location, 5,000 km from the nearest major land mass. Although it supports relatively few species of plants and animals, it is an important site for the scientific study of island biogeography, evolution and natural selection. In particular it has four endemic species of land birds that have evolved on the island, ten endemic taxa of vascular plants, and important breeding colonies of sea birds.

Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s Conservation Outlook Assessment (2017) the conservation status of Henderson Island is ‘of significant concern’. The IUCN report notes that the biodiversity values of the island remain very highly threatened by rat predation, affecting seabird populations and other aspects of the island’s ecology. For example, rats are believed to be responsible for a catastrophic decrease in the recorded population of petrels, from an estimated >1 million pairs on the island before the introduction of rats to just 40,000 pairs today. This has a knock-on impact on other ecological processes, as the guano produced by millions of seabirds would have provided a crucial nutrient source for the island’s ecosystems before the arrival of rats. The site is also at risk of new invasive alien species introductions, which could occur as a result of uncontrolled or poorly managed visitation. A further threat is the increasing accumulation of plastic debris that is washed ashore along the island’s beaches, affecting the natural beauty of the island.

Links:
Google Earth
UNESCO Official Website
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description
Birdlife IBA

Slideshow description

Images of Henderson Island World Heritage Site in United States

The slideshow ‘tells the story’ of Henderson Island, showing its landscapes and habitats, plants and animals, and illustrating some of the threats and conservation needs. Most of the photos were taken by Steffen Oppel during a Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) expedition to Henderson Island in 2015, with additional images by Angus Donaldson, Alice Forrest and Jennifer Lavers. They include photos of many of the seabird and endemic land bird species, and illustrate ongoing efforts by RSPB staff to eradicate predatory rats, and clear the never-ending tide of discarded plastic that washes up on the island’s beaches. This page of the website is still under development and a more detailed description of the various aspects of the Henderson Island will be included in due course – so please come back again soon!

Share this page