Location and Values: Kaziranga National Park is located on the Brahmaputra Valley floodplain in India’s north-eastern State of Assam. It is one of the last unmodified natural areas in South Asia covering a vast area of tall grassland interspersed with shallow pools and patches of deciduous to semi-evergreen woodlands. Kaziranga is regarded as one of the finest wildlife refuges in the world, where the Indian one-horned rhinoceros has been saved from the brink of extinction. It also supports significant populations of other threatened species including tigers, elephants, wild water buffalo and bears as well as important aquatic species such as the Ganges River dolphin.
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s recent Conservation Outlook Assessment there is significant concern over the conservation status of this site. The IUCN report notes that ‘Kaziranga National Park is considered as one of the better managed protected areas in the country and elsewhere, owing both to its enabling framework and demonstrable success in conservation. There has been no significant deterioration in its values over the years and the natural attributes are likely to continue their healthy trend at least in the medium term. However, after decades of conservation success the recent spike in rhino poaching in the site is of particular concern. The changing dynamics of the surrounding landscape, particularly with regard to the anthropogenic elements, will be placing increasing pressure on the ecological integrity of the site. The current rhino poaching crisis has shown that the inevitable intensification of threats, current and potential, to the site will necessitate enterprising and adaptive management strategies to deal with the developing situation.’
Official UNESCO Site Details
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description