Website Category: Islands
Area: 2,193 km2
Outstanding natural beauty (vii);
Significant number of rare, endemic and/or endangered species (x)
Location and Values: Komodo National Park is located in the geographic centre of Indonesia, along the chain of islands that runs between Java in the west and Papua in the east. It includes three major volcanic islands (Komodo, Rinca and Padar), numerous smaller islands and areas of pristine seas with abundant coral between the islands. The park’s most notable inhabitant is the Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis), the world’s largest lizard, which grows to a length of 3m and can weigh up to 100kg. It is an aggressive hunter which preys on large mammals including water buffalo, deer, wild boar and feral goats, and has a formidable reputation. The islands and underwater seascapes are both astonishingly beautiful, so the area has become a popular diving location as well as a dragon-spotting one. The archipelago of islands with their craters, grassy hillsides, rocky headlands, palms, mangroves and forests touch the crystal clear waters along a coastline of stunning coves, beaches and headlands, with extraordinary far reaching views from any vantage point. The seas support some of the richest coral reefs in the world with blue and sperm whales, giant manta rays, ten species of dolphin and no fewer than five species of turtle.
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description
Official UNESCO Site Details