Location and Values: The Landscapes of Dauria is a transboundary world heritage site that straddles the border between Mongolia and the Russian Federation, in the region where these countries border onto China. It covers an area of extensive temperate grasslands (known as the Daurian Steppe, ecologically similar to the North America Prairie), at the convergence of three major floristic regions. The area covers a diverse complex of steppe ecosystems, with grasslands punctuated by lakes, wetlands and floodplains, as well as pockets of forest. It serves as an important seasonal habitat and migration stop-over location for millions of migratory birds on the East Asian-Australasian Flyway, and for the migratory Mongolian gazelle. In addition it supports populations of rare and endangered species such as White-naped and Hooded Cranes, Swan Goose, Relict Gull and Great Bustard, as well as Mongolian Marmots and Pallas Cats.
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s technical evaluation of the nomination for this recent addition to the World Heritage List (2017) the conservation status of the Landscapes of Dauria meets world heritage standards, although protection regimes vary between different jurisdictions across the site. The site represents a small part of the extensive Daurian Steppe ecosystem and many of the site’s bird and mammal fauna are migratory, spending part of the year outside its boundaries. Therefore the ecological integrity of the site is dependent on effective wildlife protection over a much wider area. It will be important to ensure that significant long-term threats are addressed, including threats to the local hydrology, the impacts of climate change, illegal hunting (within the site and beyond its boundaries), grazing pressure and fire damage.
Official UNESCO Site Details