Location and Values: Mount Huangshan was amongst China’s first world heritage sites, and has been described as ‘the loveliest mountain of China’. It is a spectacular, isolated mountain capped with steep granite peaks and dissected by deep gorges, with innumerable granite towers, spires and balancing rocks where gnarled pines cling to life in the most unlikely places. It has provided inspiration for landscape artists, poets, writers and hermits over the centuries and is listed for both its cultural and natural attributes. Although it is a relatively small site it covers a wide range of altitude (from around 500m to 1864m) and supports a correspondingly rich flora with many endemic species. For example, half of China’s fern species are recorded here and a third of its bryophytes (mosses and liverworts).
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s Conservation Outlook Assessment (2014) the conservation status of this site is ‘good’. The IUCN report notes that ‘the outlook for maintaining the aesthetic and natural values of Huangshan looks promising with a core area largely uninhabited and a well-funded and well-staffed management system in place. The major threats of increasingly large numbers of visitors are being dealt with and prospects for continuing to control these threats are good. Given its celebrity status as “the loveliest mountain in China,” attention will continue to be lavished on the site and there should be improvements in interpretation and in managing visitor flow to reduce congestion at popular locations in the park.’
Official UNESCO Site Details
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description