Location and Values: Mount Wuyi (or Wuyishan) is an extensive area of tropical and sub-tropical forest in China’s south-eastern Fujian Province that is outstandingly important for biodiversity conservation. It is especially important for plants, with a large number of relict species including many endemic to China and rare in other parts of the country. In addition, part of the site (designated as the Wuyishan National Scenic Area, 70km 2 ) is scenically spectacular with red sandstone cliffs and monoliths flanking the gorge of the Nine-Bend Stream (a landscape that is more widely represented on the world heritage list by the serial site known as ‘China Danxia’). The scenic area around the Nine-Bend Stream has served as an important cultural centre for at least two thousand years, and the remains of numerous temples and monasteries remain as testament to Confucian and Taoist traditions. A separate archaeological site, 15km to the southeast of the main site (not open to the public), protects the remains of a large administrative capital from the 1 st century B.C. Han Dynasty.
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s Conservation Outlook Assessment (2014) the conservation status of this site is ‘good, with some concerns’. The IUCN report notes that ‘its values and attributes are in good condition but there are several pressures or threats, including extensive modification of habitats to produce mao bamboo over about 30% of the site area, localized impacts of domestic and agricultural pollution. Tourism infrastructure development is satisfactory at present but continuing growth creates a growing threat. The property enjoys adequate protection and the management regime is moderately effective with adequate administrative framework and comprehensive management plans. Staff capacity could be increased. The small size of the site within Fujian leave it vulnerable to climate change and not really preserving the full range of biodiversity, as much of the best natural habitat is outside the site in adjacent Jiangxi.’
Official UNESCO Site Details
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description