Location and Values: Shark Bay is located along the Indian Ocean coast of Western Australia, some 700km north of Perth. It is a massive complex of protected areas (under a variety of official designations) that collectively protect the waters, islands and coastal areas around the bay. It is one of relatively few sites globally that satisfies all four of the world heritage natural criteria. The area’s outstanding natural features include (1) its stromatolites, hard dome-shaped deposits of algae similar to the oldest forms of life on Earth; (2) its vast species-rich sea-grass beds; and (3) its substantial population of dugongs (‘sea cows’). In addition to these special features, Shark Bay is an area of exceptional coastal scenery, and serves as a refuge for many globally threatened species including two species of wallaby, green and loggerhead turtles, humpback and southern right whales and large numbers of sharks and rays. A famous population of bottlenose dolphins lives in the bay and can be observed at close quarters from the shore at Monkey Mia.
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s Conservation Outlook Assessment (2017) the conservation status of Shark Bay, Western Australia is ‘good’. The IUCN report notes that ‘the site’s World Heritage values are subject to only minimal threats. The robustness of its geological values and its effective management regime combine to minimize threats to its integrity. Similarly, the site’s biodiversity values, which are more sensitive to anthropogenic impacts, are affected mainly by low threats, with the exception of ocean acidification, sea level rises, flooding and increasing temperatures in the marine environment. Human disturbance, including from recreational activities, continues to be a threat, although visitation levels remain low and this threat is appropriately managed. The spread of existing invasive species and potential introduction of new ones will continue to be a risk and therefore will require continued management responses and a consolidated strategy.’
UNESCO Official Website
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description