The slideshow is intended to ‘tell the story’ of the Sinharaja Forest Reserve, and features a portfolio of photos from a visit by Peter Howard in October 2017. The visit was centred around Kudawa in the north-west of the reserve and the slideshow begins with some views of the forest edge and adjacent agricultural lands where tea plantations occupy the hillsides and lowland rice paddies fill the valley bottoms. At the entrance to the Forest Reserve there is a double-storey wooden building – the Kudawa Conservation Centre – with maps and poster displays of some of the attributes of the forest, where ticket sales and (compulsory) guides are available. A small pond adjacent to the centre provides an opportunity to get close-up views of some of the endemic amphibians (frogs) and reptiles, and careful observation may reveal one of the endemic Sri Lankan green pit vipers lurking in the nearby vegetation. Many species found around here, including fish, orchids, dragonflies and snails are unique to the island of Sri Lanka, and many are endemic to much smaller areas, including some species that are known only from specific parts of Sinharaja forest.
From the entrance gate various trails lead into the forest, all quite short and local to the Kudawa area. Leeches are very abundant and a significant deterrent to straying off the path, even if you are wearing leech-proof leggings! And there are other dangers for the unprepared – the giant webs of golden orb-web spiders and a small population of Sri Lanka’s endemic sub-species of leopard. There are just three elephants surviving in this small forest, no longer a viable population but enough to instill a deep sense of fear amongst tourist guides and local community members. Hump-nosed lizards may be encountered, motionless as they cling to vertical stems in the forest understorey, and (hidden beneath a dense clump of undergrowth) a pair of roosting Sri Lanka frogmouths. Other species shown here include giant squirrel and jungle fowl, as well as the cryptically-coloured (endemic) Sri Lanka kangaroo lizard amongst the fallen leaves on the forest floor, and the equally well-camouflaged Sri Lankan blue oak leaf butterfly. One of the forest trails leads to a giant ‘Nawada’ tree, while another ascends through dense forest to Mulawella peak (760m) with its rocky summit and clear far-reaching views across the forest canopy. Here some of Sri Lanka’s endemic palms can be clearly seen, and along the trail areas of Dipterocarp forest with the characteristically tall straight trunks of these trees. Twisted liannes and stilt roots are familiar elements of the rainforest, and forest streams support their own aquatic communities of species, many unique to Sri Lanka. The slideshow ends with a chance sighting of a solitary purple-faced langur, one of the island’s endemic forest monkeys.