EXPLORE INDIA’S SUNDARBANS NATIONAL PARK with this slideshow, check the location map and get all the facts and information below.

Sundarbans-0092
Sundarbans-0095
Sundarbans-0099
Sundarbans-0106
Sundarbans-0122
Sundarbans-0133
Sundarbans-0191
Sundarbans-0203
Sundarbans-0205
Sundarbans-0267
Sundarbans-0283
Sundarbans-0285
Sundarbans-0292
Sundarbans-0316
Sundarbans-0320
Sundarbans-0331
Sundarbans-0332.1
Sundarbans-0333.1
Sundarbans-0347
Sundarbans-0385
Sundarbans-0386
Sundarbans-0399
Sundarbans-0400
Sundarbans-0423
Sundarbans-0430
Sundarbans-0431
Sundarbans-0480
Sundarbans-0486
Sundarbans-0487 (1)
Sundarbans-0517
Sundarbans-0519
Sundarbans-0534
Sundarbans-0541
Sundarbans-0563
Sundarbans-0606
Sundarbans-0612
Sundarbans-0641
Sundarbans-0672
Sundarbans-0753
Sundarbans-0763
Sundarbans-0769
Sundarbans-0770
Sundarbans-0787
Sundarbans-0790
Sundarbans-0814
Sundarbans-0818
Sundarbans-0825
Sundarbans-0838
Sundarbans-0840
Sundarbans-0842
Sundarbans-0868
Sundarbans-0878
Sundarbans-0879
Sundarbans-0883
Sundarbans-0890
Sundarbans-0891
Sundarbans-0895
Sundarbans-0910
Sundarbans-0925
Sundarbans-0929
Sundarbans-0956
Sundarbans-0963
Sundarbans-0982
Sundarbans-0991
Sundarbans-0995
Sundarbans-0997
Sundarbans-1017
Sundarbans-1029
Sundarbans-1041
Sundarbans-1070
Sundarbans-1089
Sundarbans-1093
Sundarbans-1099
Sundarbans-1110
previous arrow
next arrow
Sundarbans-0092
Sundarbans-0095
Sundarbans-0099
Sundarbans-0106
Sundarbans-0122
Sundarbans-0133
Sundarbans-0191
Sundarbans-0203
Sundarbans-0205
Sundarbans-0267
Sundarbans-0283
Sundarbans-0285
Sundarbans-0292
Sundarbans-0316
Sundarbans-0320
Sundarbans-0331
Sundarbans-0332.1
Sundarbans-0333.1
Sundarbans-0347
Sundarbans-0385
Sundarbans-0386
Sundarbans-0399
Sundarbans-0400
Sundarbans-0423
Sundarbans-0430
Sundarbans-0431
Sundarbans-0480
Sundarbans-0486
Sundarbans-0487 (1)
Sundarbans-0517
Sundarbans-0519
Sundarbans-0534
Sundarbans-0541
Sundarbans-0563
Sundarbans-0606
Sundarbans-0612
Sundarbans-0641
Sundarbans-0672
Sundarbans-0753
Sundarbans-0763
Sundarbans-0769
Sundarbans-0770
Sundarbans-0787
Sundarbans-0790
Sundarbans-0814
Sundarbans-0818
Sundarbans-0825
Sundarbans-0838
Sundarbans-0840
Sundarbans-0842
Sundarbans-0868
Sundarbans-0878
Sundarbans-0879
Sundarbans-0883
Sundarbans-0890
Sundarbans-0891
Sundarbans-0895
Sundarbans-0910
Sundarbans-0925
Sundarbans-0929
Sundarbans-0956
Sundarbans-0963
Sundarbans-0982
Sundarbans-0991
Sundarbans-0995
Sundarbans-0997
Sundarbans-1017
Sundarbans-1029
Sundarbans-1041
Sundarbans-1070
Sundarbans-1089
Sundarbans-1093
Sundarbans-1099
Sundarbans-1110
previous arrow
next arrow

For slideshow description see right or scroll down (mobile). Slideshow loads automatically (this may take a few seconds to start)

Factfile

Website Category: Marine & Coastal

Area: 1,330 km2

Inscribed: 1987

Criteria:

  • Ecological processes (ix);
  • Natural habitat for biodiversity (x);
  • Significant number of rare, endemic and/or endangered species (x)

Location and Values: The Sundarbans National Park is located in the centre of the vast Sundarbans mangrove forest, occupying part of the delta at the mouth of the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers in the north-east Indian State of West Bengal. The wider Sundarbans is the largest area of mangrove forest in the world, covering some 10,000 km2 between India and Bangladesh. The (relatively small) world heritage area is estimated to comprise about 55% mangrove forest land and 45% wetlands in the form of tidal rivers, creeks, canals and estuarine areas. The mangrove habitat is especially rich in species of flora and fauna, supports the single largest population of tigers in the world, and serves as a sanctuary for other rare and endangered species including an endemic terrapin, marine turtles and river dolphins. Ecologically, the Sundarbans is in a state of continuous change as a result of the dynamic interaction of monsoon rain flooding, delta formation, tidal influence and plant colonization.

Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s recent Conservation Outlook Assessment there is significant concern over the conservation status of this site. The IUCN report notes that ‘the values of the Sundarbans National Park are highly threatened by multiple ongoing processes both within and external to the site, and are showing signs of deterioration. While it appears that the site’s biodiversity values (rare and threatened mammals, birds and reptiles) are largely currently in a promising situation, degradation of the floral diversity and on-going ecological processes has been, and continues to be, significant. Moreover, should the intensity of these threats increase into the future, the situation for the Sundarbans’ National Park’s rare and threatened species could alter dramatically. Sea level rise, hydrological alteration and coastal erosion have been severe, and the long-term impact of climate change on the integrity of the site’s values is a cause for great concern. Conservation programmes for rare and threatened vertebrates , law enforcement for illegal activities, community participation in site management and alternative livelihoods, as well as reduction of human-wildlife conflicts have been effective. However, funding and capacity are currently inadequate to maintain the sites value’s sufficiently in the face of the multiple threats to the site, and particularly under increasing population and climatic pressures into the future. Studies into the resilience of the site and its values under changes to ecological processes and climate change are necessary in order to develop and refine effective management action. Moreover, transboundary cooperation with the Sundarbans, Bangladesh World Heritage site should be considered and may prove essential to develop effective regional strategies for climate change adaptation.’

Links:
Google Earth
Official UNESCO Site Details
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description
Birdlife IBA

Slideshow description

Images of Sundarbans National Park World Heritage SIte in India

The photos in this slideshow are intended to ‘tell the story’ of the Sundarbans, showing the area’s landscapes, natural habitats, mangroves, creeks and mudflats, plants and animals, people, threats and conservation needs.

This page of the website is still under development and a more detailed description of the various aspects of the site will be included in due course – so please come back again soon!

Share this page