Location and Values: The Dolomites is located in northern Italy, and forms part of the European Alps. It is an extraordinarily beautiful mountain range, with 18 peaks over 3,000m, and an abundance of spectacular rock steeples, pinnacles and cliffs. The outstanding beauty of its landscapes can be attributed to the concentration and diversity of geological features, with pronounced horizontal plateau, ledges and crags contrasting with spectacular vertical features like castles, towers, spires and pinnacles. The geological grandeur of higher elevations is set against the wooded slopes, pastures and valleys below, where picturesque villages and the sound of cow bells enhance the natural setting.
The world heritage site covers nine separate areas at higher elevations, encompassing the more spectacular mountain peaks and associated geological features, within a number of designated protected areas. In terms of its geomorphology and geology, the site is recognized for the quantity and concentration of highly varied and distinctive limestone formations, including Mesozoic carbonate platforms or ‘fossilized atolls’. From a scientific viewpoint, the site includes several important ‘type sections for the stratigraphy of the Triassic period’ where some important fossil discoveries have been made.
Conservation Status and Prospects. According to IUCN’s Conservation Outlook Assessment (2017) the conservation status of the Dolomites world heritage site is ‘good, with some concerns’. The IUCN report notes that an overall management strategy for the various component parts of the site has been agreed between the Foundation Dolomites, UNESCO and local administrations. The main concern is that tourism activities and infrastructure within the site and its surroundings may threaten the site’s values. The IUCN report notes that this tends to be highly concentrated in certain areas, and is being addressed through careful monitoring and intervention where necessary in line with the overall management strategy.
UNESCO Official Website
IUCN Conservation Outlook
UNEP-WCMC Site Description